Positive Psychology is surely an ever growing branch of psychology and since its ethos is about getting the most out of life, I believe it could be readily used in counselling.
For quite some time psychology has focused on checking out problems and seeing if anything can be carried out on them. Consequently so much focus seems to have been on What’s wrong instead of What’s right with individuals. Somehow folks have become victims of the genes and environment as well as the best they are able to expect is to discover ways to tread water. Positive Psychology provides more than this. It teaches people the best way to swim as well as swim well. We don’t have to ‘make do’. It recognises that people are designed for real growth and change.
There are numerous ways Positive Psychology can be utilized in counselling and in fact many times, it flows very well into widely accepted techniques such as Solution Focused Therapy and Cognitive Behaviour Therapy. As an example Solution Focused Therapy functions to help the client recognise what they happen to be doing in their lives, noting What’s better to them and what worked well before. Focus is on the solution instead of the problem. Whereas Seligman’s focus on learning optimism is about recognising unhelpful thought patterns and understanding how to dispute and replace them. It is a fundamental element of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy.
Beyond this, Positive Psychology provides us with a chance to nurture what exactly is already within the individual, but numerous years of unhappiness and struggle mean the individual has stopped being in a position to recognise it. I see Positive Psychology offering a series of techniques (which have ever growing scientific support for) which can help people cope when things fail. The best would be to learn these techniques whilst situations are good, enabling us to readily draw upon them during periods of difficulty. This is the ideal. However, by integrating them into therapy the opportunity is given introducing ideas and methods the client may take along with them. That being said, seeking out support during difficult times is really a fundamental element of Abel Prasad, whether this is through a friend or the assistance of a mental health professional.
The phrase ‘Counselling’ is more prone to be employed to describe meetings using a Counsellor who deals in specific issues, like drugs and alcohol recovery. Counsellors during these specialisms might not have had the maximum amount of training, or as broad and deep a training, as psychotherapists. Some counsellors have undertaken only practicing for a certain type of problem. These are usually issues which involve a software program of recovery, or which give advice. Some counsellors in these areas might not have had guzvvu themselves.
Psychotherapists will likely be likely to have experienced a long training, during which they will have already been needed to undertake therapy by themselves. This therapy may have lasted for around the duration of their training, preferably longer. The therapist will be prepared to get into a deeper therapeutic relationship with a client than the kinds of counselling mentioned previously. This may involve close listening to what the client says, and reacting to this in accordance with the particular approach in the therapist (see article on ‘Types of Therapy’ for more information on different approaches).
A few of the ideas stemming from Positive Psychology i think are particular prevalent to counselling include eliciting personal strengths, learning optimism in addition to understanding the concept of control (i.e. the points we can and cannot control and what we are capable of doing about both). Focus on gratitude and forgiveness will both have their place in a counselling environment. However, perhaps the most significant concept so vital to Positive Psychology will be the among hope: the belief that things can get better. In case a counsellor has no hope for their client, then what exactly is the point?